Jargon and Acronyms

Some common jargon used within Livestock Information

Electronic tagging system for cattle.  This allows reading of tags automatically by suitable machinery

Manages the current sheep, goats and deer traceability service, ARAMS

A Keeper reporting the sending and receiving locations when animals move between holdings

The principle that a livestock tracing system used by any nation of the UK will be readable by systems used in other nations.

A board-type group that oversees the work of Livestock Information Limited. 

Two such groups exist – one for Defra and one for AHDB.  These groups are additional to the board of Livestock Information Limited

That part of the Livestock Information Programme which is a legal requirement on industry.  Funded by Defra. 

Compare Value-Add services

A proposed value-add service that encompasses the whole range of data collected about livestock production to generate information at the national level on industry performance, trends and trading patterns.

By combining datasets, often in real-time, LIS will be able to improve the range and quality of information and business insight which can be made available to levy payers and others in the supply chain

The system by which the UK Livestock industry as a whole interacts with the rest of the world. 

Traceability is a devolved matter, meaning it is dealt with separately in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.  However, international trade is not devolved. The Livestock Information Programme has oversight of UK View matters

Those parts of the Livestock Information Programme which are optional but have the potential to increase value or otherwise benefit industry.  These services are funded from a number of sources including the AHDB levy. 

Compare Statutory Service

A proposed value-add service.  A system whereby an animal’s entire life history can be recorded.  This may include medicine usage, number of movements and type of farming

Some common acronyms used within Livestock Information

Animal Health Business Reform

​Is the name of the programme delpoyed by Defra to change the way they operate; moving away from paper-based processess towards electronic systems to help them work more efficiently and effectively.

Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board.

Owns 51% of Livestock Information Ltd. Manages the current pig traceability service called eAML2.

Their purpose is to inspire farmers, growers and industry to succeed in a rapidly changing world. They equip the industry with easy to use, practical know-how, which they can apply straight away to make better decisions and improve their performance. AHDB is a statutory levy board and is funded by farmers, growers and others in the supply chain.​

Animal Health Division Office

Now called the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA), which is an agency of Defra working on behalf of Defra, and both Scottish and Welsh Governments.

Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency

Now called the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA), which is an agency of Defra working on behalf of Defra, and both Scottish and Welsh Governments.​​ The formerly known Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency​ is an executive agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs of the United Kingdom.​

Animal Health and Welfare Board for England

I​s responsible for strategic animal health and welfare policy, and oversight of implementation in relation to England, taking account of public health considerations.

Association of Independent Meat Suppliers

Approved Livestock Identification Manufacturers Association

The interface between two systems allows defined data access but is not Ridgely structured.

Animal Movement Enforcement System

This is used by some local authorities to track enforcement issues. AIMS is a different application.

Animal Movement Licensing System

Animal Movements Licensing System

Animal and Plant Health Agency

Is an agency of Defra working on behalf of Defra, and both Scottish and Welsh Governments. They set up approval indicators and other references. data.

They work to safeguard animal and plant health for the benefit of people, the environment and the economy.​ APHA is an executive agency, sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra), the Welsh Government and The Scottish Government.​​

The APHA Reporting Database is an APHA maintained database which has access to the Sam DWH data, from which it extracts data for reporting purposes.

Animal and Public Health Information System

Is a multi-faceted Agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities. These efforts support the overall mission of USDA, which is to protect and promote food, agriculture, natural resources and related issues.​

Application Program Interface

The interface between two systems which allows defined data access but is not Ridgely structured.

Livestock Information’s audit, risk and assurance committee

Animal Reporting and Movement Service


British Cattle Veterinary Association 

British Cattle Movement Service

The organisation responsible for maintaining a database of all bovine animals in Great Britain; Northern Ireland has a separate database maintained by the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

It was established in the wake of the mad cow disease crisis in the UK, and is part of the Rural Payments Agency. Other member states of the European Union have similar cattle tracing systems. Every bovine animal in the United Kingdom (as elsewhere in the European Union) has a unique number, shown both on an ear tag in each ear and on a paper cattle passport which is held by the current keeper of the animal.

The system covers cattle and also other bovine animals such as water buffalo, yak, bison and hybrids. The number and passport remain with the animal throughout its life, and are recorded by the slaughterhouse at its death, allowing traceability of the beef. The BCMS central database is called the Cattle Tracing System, and works alongside the physical passport to record the births, deaths and movements of all cattle 

British Equestrian Federation

British Meat Processors Association

British Pig Association

Collection and Communication of Inspection Results

Core Livestock Application

The central software package which runs the Livestock Information Service

Cattle Tracing System

It is the database for all cattle in Great Britain (Northern Ireland has a separate tracing system), to which farmers must notify births, movements and deaths of cattle on their holding. The system was introduced on 28 September 1998 in order to meet EU legislation requiring all member states to have a computerised tracing system by the end of 1999.

There are currently four ways to notify CTS about births/movements/deaths including via the postal service using movement cards (cheque-book style passports only) and passport applications, over the telephone using the CTS Self-Service Line, over the internet using the CTS Online service or through third party software using CTS Web Services  

Devolved Administration

Until devolution in 1999, civil servants in all parts of the UK reported to UK Government ministers. Today, around one in 10 civil servants is accountable to ministers in the three devolved administrations – Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Owns 49% of Livestock Information Ltd. Runs three traceability services: cattle (via RPA), pigs (via AHDB), and sheep, goats and deer (via CAPITA) 

Electronic Medicines Hub

A proposed value-add service which will allow cattle and sheep producers to record the full medical history of individual animals.  This will echo the operation of the successful e-Medicines Book, which covers pigs.  Both systems will draw on Livestock Information Service data when it becomes available

Pig traceability service run by AHDB

Electronic identification

Food Chain Information

Food Standards Agency

Knowledge-Based Training

A proposed value-add service which will provide information at the point of purchase on diseases such as bovine TB or Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD), allowing farmers to make purchasing decisions based on health status

Livestock Auctioneers Association

Livestock Information Ltd

A company created to implement and operate the Livestock Information Service.  It is owned 51% by AHDB and 49% by Defra

Livestock Information Programme

A joint Defra-AHDB initiative to work with industry to build the Livestock Information Service

Livestock Information Service

A digital service to trace registration and movements of livestock in England.  It replaces three systems:  The British Cattle Movement Service (BCMS) for cattle; EAML2 for pigs, and ARAMS for sheep, goats and farmed deer.

The Livestock Information Service is being designed to permit the addition of other species in the future. Equivalent services are in development in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

Livestock Unique Identifier System

The Livestock Information Services’ ear tag allocation system. This is a system for assigning and registering individual identifying numbers to animals which are then stored on a single database.  This is a necessary component of a digital tracing system.

Notifiable Disease Outbreak Management System

A non-departmental public body

AHDB is an NDPB of Defra

National Beef Association

National Farmers Union

National Pig Association

National Sheep Association

Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers

Road Haulage Association

The Rural Payments Agency

Manages the current cattle traceability service, which is the British Cattle Movement Service (BCMS) using technology called the Cattle Tracing System (CTS).

It is an executive agency of the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). The RPA delivers the European Union (EU) Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) payments to farmers and traders in England, paying out over £2 billion in subsidies each year. The Agency manages more than 40 schemes, the largest of which the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) paying more than £1.5 billion to around 105,000 claimants a year.

Along with paying subsidies the Agency has a number of other roles including managing the British Cattle Movement Service and the Rural Land Register, which holds around 2.4 million registered land parcels digitally, and sends land maps to landowners in England. The Agency is the EU’s single paying agency for market support measures across the United Kingdom under Defra authority and as agreed with Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland’s Ministers 

Traceability Design User Group

A cross-industry body whose role is to guide the creation of the Livestock Information Service and make sure that the voice of industry is fully-integrated at the heart of the service. It consists of representatives of more than 20 organisations which are directly involved in the livestock sector, from the National Farmers’ Union and the National Beef, Sheep and Pig Associations; through government bodies such as the Food Standards Agency and Trading Standards, to groups such as the Road Hauliers’ Association and British Equestrian Federation.

A collaboration of government and industry leaders from across the meat and livestock industry and academia. Established as a user advisory group, to ensure users needs are at the heart of the Livestock Information Service.

Veterinary Medicines Directorate